Thursday 21 September 2017

*_Clever Puns_*



☢ Lightning sometimes shocks people... because, it just doesn't know how to *conduct itself*...

☢ A prisoner's favorite punctuation mark is the period... it marks the end of his *sentence*...

☢ A rule of grammar... double negatives are a *no-no*...

☢ Sleeping comes so naturally to me... I could do it with my *eyes closed*...

☢ Atheists don't solve exponential equations... because they don't believe in *higher powers*...

☢ It's raining cats and dogs... well, as long as it doesn't *reindeer*...

☢ I relish the fact that you've *mustard* the strength to *ketchup* to me...

☢ My new theory on *inertia* doesn't seem to be gaining *momentum*...

☢ The man who survived mustard gas and pepper spray is now a *seasoned veteran*...

☢ What did the grape say when it got stepped on... nothing, but it let out a little *whine*...

☢ If you don't pay your exorcist... do you get *repossessed*...

☢ Pencils could be made with erasers at both ends... but, what would be the *point*...

☢ I was arrested after my therapist suggested I take something for my
*kleptomania*...

☢ A hungry traveller stops at a monastery and is taken to the kitchens.... a brother is frying chips. "Are you the friar?" he asks. "No. I'm the *chip monk*" he replies...

☢ Yesterday I accidentally swallowed some food coloring... the doctor says I'm OK, but I feel like I've *dyed* a little inside...

☢ What's the definition of a will... it's a *dead giveaway*...

☢ Two peanuts were walking in a tough neighborhood and one of them was *a-salted*...
.....................................


New stock of pun time! 
Enjoy!

1. My best mates and I played a game of hide and seek. It went on for hours... 
Well, good friends are hard to find.

2.  You’re not completely useless, you can always serve as a bad example.

3. I broke my finger last week.
On the other hand, I’m okay.

4. Someone stole my Microsoft Office and they’re gonna pay.
You have my Word.

5. eBay is so useless. 
I tried to look up lighters and all they had was 13,749 matches.

6. I can't believe I got fired from the calendar factory. 
All I did was take a day off.

7. My boss is going to fire the employee with the worst posture. 
I have a hunch, it might be me.

8. Don't spell part backwards.
It's a trap.

9. Our uncle died when we couldn't remember his blood type. 
As he died, he kept saying, children "be positive," but life is hard without him.

10. And the Lord said unto John, “Come forth and you will receive eternal life.”
But John came fifth, and he got hell.

11. What is the best thing about living in Switzerland? 
Well, the flag is a big plus.

12. Did you hear about the guy who got hit in the head with a can of soda? 
He was lucky it was a soft drink.

13. How did I escape Iraq? 
Iran.

14. To the mathematicians who thought of the idea of zero.
 Thanks for nothing!

15. Son: "Dad, can you tell me what a solar eclipse is?"
Dad: "No sun."

16. My math teacher called me average. 
How mean!

17. Clinic Receptionist: “Doctor, there's a patient on line that says he's become invisible". 
Doctor: “Well, tell him I can't see him right now."

Tuesday 12 September 2017

WHO BUILT BOMBAY ?



According to ancient history, a grouping of seven islands comprising Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Woman's Island, Wadala, Mahim, Parel, and Matunga-Sion formed a part of the kingdom of Ashoka the Great of Magadh, ironically in North India .

The seven islands of Mumbai passed through many hands, the sultans of Gujarat , the Portuguese and the British. Every ruler left behind proof of residence in Mumbai.

The Mauryans left behind the Kanheri, Mahakali and the caves of Gharapuri more popularly called Elephanta. The sultans of Gujarat built the Dargahs at Mahim and Haji Ali, the Portuguese built the two Portuguese churches, one at Prabhadevi and the other St Andrews at Bandra.

They built forts at Sion, Mahim, Bandra and Bassien. The Portuguese named the group of seven Islands 'Bom Baia', Good Bay . The British built a city out of the group of seven islands and called her Bombay .

The original settlers of the seven islands, the Koli fishermen, worshiped Mumbaidevi, her temple still stands at Babulnath near Chowpatty. The Kolis called the island Mumbai, 'Mumba, Mother Goddess'.

In 1662, King Charles II of England married the Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza, and received the seven islands of Bom Baia as part of his dowry. Six years later, the British Crown leased the seven islands to the English East India Company for a sum of 10 pounds in gold per annum. It was under the English East India Company that the future megapolis began to take shape, after the first war for independence Bombay once again became a colony of the British Empire .

History has forgotten this but the first Parsi settler came to Bombay in 1640, he was Dorabji Nanabhoy Patel. In 1689-90, a severe plague epidemic broke out in Bombay and most of the European settlers succumbed to it. The Siddi of Janjira attacked in full force. Rustomji Dorabji Patel, a trader and the son of the city's first Parsi settler, successfully defeated the
Siddi with the help of the Kolis and saved Bombay .

Gerald Aungier, Governor of Bombay built the Bombay Castle , an area that is even today referred to as Fort. He also constituted the Courts of law. He brought Gujarati traders, Parsi shipbuilders, Muslim and Hindu manufacturers from the mainland and settled them in Bombay .

It was during a period of four decades that the city of Bombay took shape. Reclamation was done to plug the breach at Worli and Mahalakshmi, Hornby Vellard was built in 1784. The Sion Causeway connecting Bombay to Salsette was built in 1803. Colaba Causeway connecting Colaba island to Bombay was built in 1838. A causeway connecting Mahim and Bandra was built in 1845.
Lady Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, the wife of the First Baronet Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy donated Rs 1, 57,000 to meet construction costs of the causeway. She donated Rs. 1,00,000 at first.. When the project cost escalated and money ran out half way through she donated Rs 57,000 again to ensure that the vital causeway was completed. Lady Jamsetjee stipulated that no toll would ever be charged for those using the causeway. Today Mumbaikars have to pay Rs 75 to use the Bandra-Worli Sealink, connecting almost the same two islands. Sir J J Hospital was also built by Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy.

The ship building Wadia family of Surat was brought to Bombay by the British. Jamshedji Wadia founded theBombay Port Trust and built the Princess Dock in 1885 and the Victoria Dock and the Mereweather Dry Docks in 1891. Alexandra Dock was built in 1914.

A Gujarati civil engineer supervised the building of the Gateway of India . The Tatas made Bombay their headquarters and gave it the iconic Taj Mahal Hotel and India 's first civilian airlines, Air India . The Godrejs gave India its first vegetarian soap.

Cowasji Nanabhai Daver established Bombay 's first cotton mill, 'The Bombay Spinning Mills' in 1854. By 1915, there were 83 textile mills in Bombay largely owned by Indians.

This brought about a financial boom in Bombay . Although the mills were owned by Gujaratis, Kutchis, Parsis and Marwaris, the workforce was migrant Mahrashtrians from rural Maharashtra . Premchand Roychand, a prosperous Gujarati broker founded the Bombay Stock Exchange. Premchand Roychand donated Rs 2,00,000 to build the Rajabai Tower in 1878.

Muslim, Sindhi and Punjabi migrants have also contributed handsomely to Mumbai.

Apart from its original inhabitants, the Kolis, everyone else in Mumbai, are immigrants.

When the Shiv Sena came to power in 1993, and the original name Bombay replaced with Mumbai.

This article was written on February 7, 2010 by Tushar Gandhi, founder/president, Mahatma Gandhi Foundation, and the grandson of Mahatma Gandhiji.

Wednesday 6 September 2017

COW

The Cow (Essay written by a Bihari candidate for Class 8 exam)

You'll forget your English by the time you finish reading this. 

HE IS THE COW. 
The cow is a successful animal. Also he is 4 footed, And because he is female, he give milks, (but will do so when he is got child). He is sacred to Hindus  and useful to man. But he has got four legs together. Two are forward and two are afterwards. His whole body can be utilized for use. More so the milk. Milk comes from 4 taps attached to his basement. (Horses don't have any such attachment) What can it do? Various ghee, butter, cream, curd, why and the condensed milk and so forth. Also he is useful to cobbler, watermans and mankind generally. His motion is slow only because he is of lazy species. Also his other motion.. (gober) is much useful to trees, plants as well as for making flat cakes (like Pizza), in hand , and drying in the sun. Cow is the only animal that extricates his feeding after eating. Then afterwards he chew with his teeth whom are situated in the inside of the mouth. He is incessantly in the meadows in the grass.His only attacking and defending organ is the horns, specially so when he is got child. This is done by bowing his head whereby he causes the weapons to be paralleled to the ground of the earth and instantly proceed with great velocity forwards. He has got tails also, situated in the backyard, but not like similar animals. It has hairs on the one  end of the tail. This is done to frighten away the flies. Other end of the tail is the cow .

We have been informed that the candidate passed the exam. He is now DEPUTY CHIEF MINISTER in Bihar.
😜😀😀😀

Saturday 19 August 2017

Names

DID YOU KNOW THESE THINGS HAD NAMES?

1. The space between your eyebrows is called a glabella.

2. Petrichor - The way it smells after the rain is called petrichor.

3. Aglet - The plastic or metallic coating at the end of your shoelaces is called an aglet.

4. Wamble - The rumbling of stomach is actually called a wamble.

5. Vagitus - The cry of a new born baby is called a vagitus.

6. Tines - The prongs on a fork are called tines.

7. Phosphenes - The sheen or light that you see when you close your eyes and press your hands on them are called phosphenes.

8. Box Tent - The tiny plastic table placed in the middle of a pizza box is called a box tent.

9. Overmorrow - The day after tomorrow is called overmorrow.

10. Minimus - Your tiny toe or finger is called minimus.

11. Agraffe - The wired cage that holds the cork in a bottle of champagne is called an agraffe.

12. Vocables - The 'na na na' and 'la la la', which don't really have any meaning in the lyrics of any song, are called vocables.

13. Interrobang - When you combine an exclamation mark with a question mark (like this ?!), it is referred to as an interrobang.

14. Columella Nasi - The space between your nostrils is called columella nasi.

15. Armscye - The armhole in clothes, where the sleeves are sewn, is called armscye.

16. Dysania - The condition of finding it difficult to get out of the bed in the morning is called dysania.

17. Griffonage - Unreadable hand-writing is called griffonage (Are you reading this dear doctors?)

18. Tittle - The dot over an “i” or a “j” is called tittle.

19. Crapulence - That utterly sick feeling you get after eating or drinking too much is called crapulence.

20. Bannock Device - The metallic device used to measure your feet at the shoe store is called Bannock device.

HOW MANY OF THE ABOVE YOU ALREADY KNEW.

Let me confess, i was knowing none.

Saturday 22 April 2017

SURNAME OF PEOPLE IN UTTARAKHAND

 

उत्तराखंड के लोगो की जाति के नाम- (A big list of surnames)

1. Amoli
2. Anthwal
3. Aswaal
4. Aswal
5. Bachheti
6. Badola
7. Badoni
8. Bagwari
9. Bahuguna
10. Bahukhandi
11. Baiwal
12. Balodi
13. Baluni
14. Bamol
15. Bamrana
16. Bandhooni
17. Banduni
18.   Banoodi
19. Barmola
20. Barthwal
21. Basera
22. Baunthiyal
23. Belwal
24. Benjwal
25. Bhadola (different from Bhadula/Badola)
26. Bhadori
27. Bhadri
28. Bhadula
29. Bhandari
30. Bhardwaj
31. Bhartari
32. Bhatt
33. Bijalwan
34. Binjola
35. Bisht
36. Bonthiyal
37. Budakoti
38. Butola
39. Chamoli
40. Chand
41. Chandola
42.   Chandra
43.   Chaturvedi
44. Chauhan
45. Chaukiyal
46. Chimwal
47. Dabral
48. Dandriyal
49. Dangwal
50. Darmora
51. Datt
52. Deborani
53. Debtalla
54. Deoli
55. Devrani
56. Devshalo
57. Dhasmana
58. Dhaundiyal
59. Dhuliya
60. Dhyani
61. Dimri
62. Diwedi
63. Dobhal
64. Dobriyal
65. Dotiyal
66. Duklaan
67. Dungriyal
68. Dutpudee
69. Farswan
70. Firmal
71. Gairi
72. Gairola
73. Gauniyal
74. Gaur
75. Ghansiyal
76. Ghildiyaal
77. Godiyal
78. Gughtiyal
79. Gusain
80. Gwari
81. Hatwal
82. Hemdaan
83. Hindwan
84. Jadli
85. Jakhmola
86. Jakhwal
87. Jalandhari
88. Jamloki
89. Jhingwan
90. Joshi
91. Jugran
92. Juyal
93. Kabtiyal
94. Kadwal
95. Kagdiyal
96. Kainthola
97. Kaintura
98. Kaktwan
99. Kala
100. Kalura
101. Kandari
102. Kandpal
103. Kandwal
104. Kankhriyal
105. Kanthola
106. Kantro
107. Kapruwan
108. Karah
100. Karakoti
110. Kathait
111. Kemani
112. Keshwan
113. Khandoori
114. Khanduri
115. Khankriyal
116. Khansali
117. Khantwal
118. Kharakwal
119. Khatri
120. Khukshal
121. Kimothi
122. Kodnala
123. Kokahliyal
124. Koli
125. Kothari
126. Kothiyal
127. Kotnala
128. Kudiyal
129. Kukreti
130. Kundliya
131. Kunwar
132. Kuriyal
133. Lakhera
134. Lingwal
135. Lohani
136. Madhwal
137. Maithani
138. Malasi
139. Malkoti
140. Mamgain
141. Manodi
142. Mathpal
143. Mehra
144. Mingwal
145. Miyan
146. Mumgai
147. Mundaypi
148. Mundepi 
149. Nainwal
150. Naithani
151. Naniwal
152. Naugain
153. Nauriyal
154. Nautiytal
155. Nawani
156. Nayal
157. Negi
158. Nimbachiya
159. Nimish
160. Painuli
161. Pal
162. Pandey
163. Pant
164. Panthari
165. Panwar
166. Parindiyal
167. Parmar
168. Pasbola
169. Patwal
170. Payal
171. Petwal
172. Podawal
173. Pokhariyal
174. Prakash
175. Pujari
176. Pundir
177. Purohit
178. Pusola
179. Rana
180. Ranakoti
181. Rangra
182. Ratori
183. Rautela
184. Rauthan
185. Rawat
186. Rawhchaylay
187. Ringola
188. Ringwal
189. Rudola
190. Sajwan
191. Saklani
192. Sati
193. Sayana
194. Semwal
195. Shah
196. Sharma
197. Sidola
198. Silswal
199. Singh
200. Siolodi
201. Sundriyal
202. Suyal
203. Tadiyal
204. Thapliyal
205. Tiwari
206. Uniyal
207. Upadhyay
208. Upreti
209. Vashisht
210. Vyas 
211. Baurai/Baudai
212. Rawal
213. Nirala
214. Tripathi
215. Pachauri
216. Goswami
217. Thakur
218. Bhartwan
219. Mall/Maal
220. Mehta
221. Ramola
222. Naudiyal (different than Nautiyal)
223. Shaiv
224. Jhaldiyal
225. Molasi (different from Malasi)
226. Ghanshala 
227. Arya
228. Devrari (different from Devrani)
229.Manori
230. Fonia
231. Jirwan
232. Maikhuri
233. Khali
234. Jhildiyal (different from Ghildiyal)
235. Khainal
236. Twat
237. Penwal
238. Gabriyal
239. Kafola
240. Kathela
241. Hetwal
242. Topwal
243. Badwal
244. Molpha
245. Jitwan
246. Pankholi
247. Mishra
248.Kokahliyal
249. Rawchaylay
250. Todaria
251. Matura
252. Bangari
253. Kailkhura
254. Khairain
255. Shaili
256. Shati
257. Riyal
258. Kuliyal
259. Kannauji
260. Kanyakubgh
261. Dawan
262. Bhaunsiyal
263. Chudhary
264. Punsoda
265. Maliyal
266. Kharola
267. Bagot
268. Kimola
269. Mayal
270. Posti
271.Karasi
272. Chamola
273. Dhoni
274. Bhenisora
275. Karasi
276. Jhingwan
277. Bhardula
278. Farindyal
279. Ballabh
280. Tamta
281. Adhikari
282. Adhoi
283. Aithani
284. Akshara
285. Anraula
286. Asgola
287. Aswada
288. Asyal
289. Atwal
290. Badela
291. Badooni
292. Bafila
293. Bagadwal
294. Bagarhwal
295. Bagarwal
296. Bagauniya
297. Bagauriya
298. Bageti
299 Baghari
300. Bagoli
301. Bahnal
302. Baidiya
303. Baitarha
304. Bajeli
305. Bajkheti
306. Balia
307. Balsuni
308. Bankoti
309. Banola
310. Barakoti
311. Bartola
312. Basanwal
313. Baserha
314. Basgai
315. Basnaal
316. basola
317. Basoti
318. Batgali
319. Bedhula
320. Berhiya
321. Bhaat
322. Bhaisora
323. Bhakuni
324. Bhanari
325. Bhauriyal
326. Bhawwal
327. Bimli
328. Binwal
329. Bist
330. Bora
331. Budhani
332. Chad
333. Chahali
334. Champal
335. Chaparhwal
336. Charmyal
337. Chauleta
338. Chaulya
339. Chaunal
340. Chauniya
341. Chaurhiyal
342. Chauthiya
343. Chhimwal
344. Chilwan
345. Chimkhola
346. Chrmal
347. Chufal
348. Dadhula
349. Dadwal
350. Dalakoti
351. Damtha
352. Dangi
353. Dani
354. Danu
355. Dariyal
356. Darmwal
357. Das
358. Datolia
359. Deoba
360. Dev 
361. Guni
362. Gurang
363. Gurani
364. Gurelo
365. Gwalkoti
366. Gyadu
367. Haradiya
368. Haribola
369. Hateli
370. Holariya
371. Jagariya
372. Jakholi
373. Jakhwal
374. Jakkhwal
375. Jalal
376. Jina
377. Jinaula
378. Junyal
379. Kabarwal
380. Kadwal
381. Kafaliya
382. Kaflati
383. Kairha
384. Kalakoti
385. Kaneli
386. Kanseri
387. Kanwal
388. Kanyal
389. Kanyani
390. Kapkoti
391. Kaprhi
392. Kapri
393. Kapuli
394. Karayat
395. Kargeti
396. Karhakoti
397. Karki
398. Karnataka
399. Karsariya
400. Kathauliya
401. Kathola
402. Keera
403. Kerala
404. Kharal
405. Kharkhwal
406. Khati
407. Kholia
408. Khyusal
409. Kopal
410. Koranga
411. Koshiyari
412. Kotaliya
413. Kotaula
414. Kotia
415. Kufal
416. Kulasari
417. Kulaula
418. Kuletha
419. Kulethi
420. Kulsyal
421. Kumalta
422. Kumaya
423. Kunwar
424. kuthari
425. Ladwal
426. Lamakoti
427. Laukoti
428. Lodiyal
429. Lohani
430. Magar
431. Mahra
432. Mailakoti
433. Majhila
434. Maletha
435. Malsuni
436. Mankoti
437. Manral
438. Mantaniya
439. Manuliya
440. Manutiya
441. Mashyal
442. Mathwal
443. Maulakhi
444. Mawal 
445. Melkaniya
446. Metwal
447. Miral
448. Mirwal
449. Muhari
450. Mull
451. Mumgai
452. Mungali
453. Murarhi
454. Nadolia
455. Nagai
456. Nagarkoti
457. Nai
458. Nairh
459. Naudiyal
460. Naugai
461. Nauliya
462. Nauni
463. Naurangi
464. Ojha
465. Oli
466. Oliya
467. Osti
468. Pacholiya
469. Pachuli
470. Padaliya
471. Padyar
472. Palni
473. Paneru
474. Papola
475. Patalia
476. Patani
477 Patriya
478. Patyal
479. Pawar
480. Pilkhwal
481. Pokhariyal
482. Pundola
483. Punetha
484. Rabal
485. Rafal
486. Raiguni
487. Rajbar
488. Ramak
489. Rankuni
490. Ratkhaniya
491. Raut
492. Rautela
493. Rayal
494. Rikhari
495. Rithal
496. Rodiyal
497. Saklani
498. saklani
499. Salani
500. Saliya
501. Salora
502. Sangetha
503. Sangwal
504. Sanwal
505. Sarni
506. Sati
507. Satpola
508. Sauliya
509. Saun
510. Selakoti
511. Seliya
512. Shahi
513. Sila
514. Silfori
515. Silora
516. Simalta
517. Siral
518. Sitaila
519. Sorarhi
520. Sunauli
521. Syontari
522. Syuri
523. Syuriya
524. Taddhyal
525. Tadhiyal
526. Tadpal
527. Takwal
528. Talariya
529. Tapasi
530. Taragi
531. Tari
532. Tarsal
533. Thapa
534. Thapaliya
535. Thulghariya
536. Tilal
537. Tipola
538. Sillori
539. Satyawali
540. Kardwal
541. Panthari
542. Kapruwan
543. Mandrawal
544. Ranwalta,
545. Bhartari, 
546. Kolta,
547. Bharti, 
548. Bhattwan,
549. Lewan
550. Todaria

Sunday 9 April 2017

A train journe

A train journey and two names to remember

Of two co-travellers who surprised the writer with their graciousness, 24 years ago

It was the summer of 1990. As Indian Railway (Traffic) Service probationers, my friend and I travelled by train from Lucknow to Delhi. Two MPs were also travelling in the same bogie. That was fine, but the behaviour of some 12 people who were travelling with them without reservation was terrifying. They forced us to vacate our reserved berths and sit on the luggage, and passed obscene and abusive comments. We cowered in fright and squirmed with rage. It was a harrowing night in the company of an unruly battalion; we were on edge, on the thin line between honour and dishonour. All other passengers seemed to have vanished, along with the Travelling Ticket Examiner.

We reached Delhi the next morning without being physically harmed by the goons, though we were emotionally wrecked. My friend was so traumatised she decided to skip the next phase of training in Ahmedabad and stayed back in Delhi. I decided to carry on since another batchmate was joining me. (She is Utpalparna Hazarika, now Executive Director, Railway Board.) We boarded an overnight train to Gujarat’s capital, this time without reservations as there wasn’t enough time to arrange for them. We had been wait-listed.

We met the TTE of the first class bogie, and told him how we had to get to Ahmedabad. The train was heavily booked, but he politely led us to a coupe to sit as he tried to help us. I looked at the two potential co-travellers, two politicians, as could be discerned from their white khadi attire, and panicked. “They’re decent people, regular travellers on this route, nothing to worry,” the TTE assured us. One of them was in his mid-forties with a normal, affectionate face, and the other in his late-thirties with a warm but somewhat impervious expression. They readily made space for us by almost squeezing themselves to one corner.

They introduced themselves: two BJP leaders from Gujarat. The names were told but quickly forgotten as names of co-passengers were inconsequential at that moment. We also introduced ourselves, two Railway service probationers from Assam. The conversation turned to different topics, particularly in the areas of History and the Polity. My friend, a post-graduate in History from Delhi University and very intelligent, took part. I too chipped in. The discussion veered around to the formation of the Hindu Mahasabha and the Muslim League.

The senior one was an enthusiastic participant. The younger one mostly remained quiet, but his body language conveyed his total mental involvement in what was being discussed, though he hardly contributed. Then I mentioned Syama Prasad Mookerjee’s death, why it was still considered a mystery by many. He suddenly asked: “How do you know about Syama Prasad Mookerjee?” I had to tell him that when my father was a post-graduate student in Calcutta University, as its Vice-Chancellor he had arranged a scholarship for the young man from Assam. My father often reminisced about that and regretted his untimely death [in June 1953 at the age of 51].

The younger man then almost looked away and spoke in a hushed tone almost to himself: “It’s good they know so many things ...”

Suddenly the senior man proposed: “Why don’t you join our party in Gujarat?” We both laughed it off, saying we were not from Gujarat. The younger man then forcefully interjected: “So what? We don’t have any problem on that. We welcome talent in our State.” I could see a sudden spark in his calm demeanour.

The food arrived, four vegetarian thalis. We ate in silence. When the pantry-car manager came to take the payment, the younger man paid for all of us. I muttered a feeble ‘thank you’, but he almost dismissed that as something utterly trivial. I observed at that moment that he had a different kind of glow in his eyes, which one could hardly miss. He rarely spoke, mostly listened.

The TTE then came and informed us the train was packed and he couldn’t arrange berths for us. Both men immediately stood up and said: “It’s okay, we’ll manage.” They swiftly spread a cloth on the floor and went to sleep, while we occupied the berths.

What a contrast! The previous night we had felt very insecure travelling with a bunch of politicians, and here we were travelling with two politicians in a coupe, with no fear.

The next morning, when the train neared Ahmedabad, both of them asked us about our lodging arrangements in the city. The senior one told us that in case of any problem, the doors of his house were open for us. There was some kind of genuine concern in the voice or the facial contours of the otherwise apparently inscrutable younger one, and he told us: “I’m like a nomad, I don’t have a proper home to invite you but you can accept his offer of safe shelter in this new place.”

We thanked them for that invitation and assured them that accommodation was not going to be a problem for us.

Before the train came to a stop, I pulled out my diary and asked them for their names again. I didn’t want to forget the names of two large-hearted fellow passengers who almost forced me to revise my opinion about politicians in general. I scribbled down the names quickly as the train was about to stop: Shankersinh Vaghela and Narendra Modi.
I wrote on this episode in an Assamese newspaper in 1995. It was a tribute to two unknown politicians from Gujarat for giving up their comfort ungrudgingly for the sake of two bens from Assam. When I wrote that, I didn’t have the faintest idea that these two people were going to become so prominent, or that I would hear more about them later. When Mr. Vaghela became Chief Minister of Gujarat in 1996, I was glad. When Mr. Modi took office as Chief Minister in 2001, I felt elated. (A few months later, another Assamese daily reproduced my 1995 piece.) And now, he is the Prime Minister of India.
Every time I see him on TV, I remember that warm meal, that gentle courtesy, caring and sense of security that we got that night far from home in a train, and bow my head.

(The author is General Manager of the Centre for Railway Information System, Indian Railways, New Delhi. leenasarma@rediffmail.com)

Saturday 8 April 2017

Brothers in SSB

@ *List of Real Brothers studied in SSB.*
@ *I have tried to gather from various sources, error £ omissions accepted.*
@ *The list ends with Sr. No 161.. You have to click read more till the list ends.*
@ *If you find anything to add or modify please let me know!*

****************************
 *Four Brothers*

  Dipak Arya 216
Bharat Arya 217
Mukesh Arya 218
Dixit Arya 600
    *Three Brothers*

1 Sanjay Sarvaiya 1315
 Ketan Sarvaiya   1436
 Satyadev Sarvaiya 1564
2 Mahendra Patel
862
 Malay Patel       1339
 Kamlesh Patel.   1607
3 Rajesh Griglani     1838
 Mahendra Griglani
2032
 Kamlesh Griglani   2065
4 Jayraj Jadeja         3244
    Devendra Jadeja.  3014
  Viraraj Jadeja      3619
5 Devdan Basiya      2313
  Rajesh Basiya.     2680
  Bharat Basiya      3063
6 Ramesh Naik         46
  Dilip Naik               25
  Ishwar Naik.         173
7 Mohideep Gohil.   1668
 Rajdeep Gohil     1836
 Abhideep Gohil   1982
8 Rajan Joshi              21
    Hemant Joshi.         293
    Amit Joshi                627
*Two Brothers*
1 Kinjal Dixit            3494
 Kaumi Dixit          3493
2 Akhil Trivedi           790
 Nikhil Trivedi         789
3 Utam Bora              90
 Ranjeet Bora          86
4 Subeer Ahluwalia.   98
  Sudhir Ahluwalia. 308
5 Satish Patel
 Prakash Patel
6 Jigar Zala           1944
 Jignesh Zala      1484
7 Ajay Dave            1340
 Ashutosh Dave 1431
8 Cedric Thomas   489
 Austin Thomas  1328
9 Rajendrasinh Parmar 870
Pradipsinh Parmar    1106
10 Swatrant Trivedi   1612
      Ranjan Trivedi     2222
11 Satyen Rathod      877
    Hiten Rahod        606
12 Rajendrasinh Jhala 576
    Chaitanya K Jhala. 355
13 Indravijay Gohil.   1006
    Hardevsinh Gohil. 1337
14 RajendrasinhJadeja 998
    Harpalsinh Jadeja 1306
15 Subhash Jaglan.     542
    Anil Jaglan           1411
16 Bakul Upadhyay    1015
    Nilesh Upadhyay   1297
17 Rajeev Sharma.       490
   Sanjeev Sharma
18 Edmund Keen.         200
      Henry Keen             289
19 Kirit Vyas                 196
    Dilip Vyas.               197
20 Bhusan Zaveri.       270
    Ankit Zaveri             370
21 Bhusan Khanna.         71
    Vinod Khanna.         14
22 Nilesh Nimavat    1913
    Divyesh Nimavat   2265
23 Manish Bera         2402
      Kiran Bera.             2007
24 Vijay Madhvi         1698
      Ketan Madhvi       1783
25 Ankit Bhatt.           1842
    Ritin Bhatt              1012
26 Kalpesh Barot      1252
    Rajesh Barot        1400
27 Bhaskar U Patel.   159
    Bipin U Patel         359
28 Vasim Shaikh       2246
    Shoeb Shaikh.     2247
29 Nayan Bhatt.       1153
    Vijay Bhatt             890
30 Ashwin Panchal    786
    Dharemendra Panchal 1139
31 Tomy Zacharia    2301
Thompson Zacharia 2478
32 Keval Bhatia          948
      Nilesh Bhatia.       1298
33 Hemant Chavan    1118
    Pradip Chavan      1092
34 Vijay Nadar.             151
    Nirmal Nadar        246
35 Hemant Patel
    Hitesh Patel
36 Girish Hirani.         1123
    Vipul Hirani          1365
37 Maharshi Raval   3938
    Devarshi Raval   4716
38 Haresh Patel(Billy)  736
    Kirit Patel            1085
39 Sanjay Raju          1413
    Ajit Raju                 1412
40 Dharmik jani         2770
    Maitrik Jani           3898
41 Jayesh Patel        1080
    Ajay Patel             1293
42Surendrsing Rathore 146
Ravindersing Rathore 1520
43 Kiran Thacker       454
   Pranay Thacker     632
44 Nobel Thamburaj. 236
   Victor Thamburaj   235
45 Kamal Upadhyay 2178
Anshuman Upadhyay 2607
46 Pankaj Desai       368
    Chetan Desai.     593
47 Uday Panchaxari 275
Ramchandra Panchxari 772
48 Jayraj Desai
     Vraj Desai
49 Ramesh Budhwar 508
Srijaibhagwan Budhwar 507
50 Jay Magra         2918
    Mahesh Magra 2721
51 Shankaranad Jha 3294
Rameshwaranand Jha 3315
52Ruchanshu Dhoriya 4682
 Abhishek Dhoriya.   3600
53 Naishad Desai.         53
    Mahesh Desai           51
54Raghuvirsinh Jadeja1338
  Kiritsinh Jadeja        1480
55 Dinesh Pandya.       230
   Gagan Pandya.       380
56 Shrikant Joshi         941
    Rajnikant Joshi   1208
57 Kanti Patel
    Mahendra Patel
58 Jayanti Patel
     Bhogilal Patel
59Rudradutsinh Vaghela 1729
Karmadevsinh Vaghela 1929
60 Bhavesh Javia.       1675
    Vipul Javia           1726
61 Karsan Katara.     1808
      Devendra Katara.   1765
62 Jitendra Patel      1499
     Nilesh Patel         1755
63 Sanjay Patel.         2980
    Rakesh Patel         3232
64BhumirajSinh Jadeja4489
Luckyraj Sinh Jadeja 5002
65 Deep Kagda       2989
    Harsh Kagda     3513
66 Dharmedra Kore 1584
    Jayant Kore         2015
66 Yuvrajsinh Gohil
     DivyarajsinhGohil
67 Sidhhraj Dabhi 4952
      Kripal Dabhi
68 Akash Patel
      Adarsh Patel
69 Suresh Patel
    Paresh Patel
70 Paresh Patel
      Umesh Patel
71 Dinesh Patel       977
    Jagdish Patel.   1165
72 Virendra Mehta  314
     Sunil Mehta     243
73 kumar Saurav 4546
      kumar Gaurav
74 Dipak Bariya      3275
      Kalpesh Bariya.    2767
75 Tejbeer Chhahar 1568
   Yashpal Chhahar 1906
76 Sanjay Maheshwari 1703
Amit Maheshwari 2384
77 Sanjiv Sharma
    Rajiv Sharma
78 Rahul Jani.       141
   Mahendra Jani    285
79 Vijay Solanki
      Vipul Solanki
80 Raj Manimala 1843
    Saj Manimala 2026
81 Kundan Singh.   1375
    Kalyan Singh     1013
82 Nalin Soni.           206
   Vasant Soni           266
83 Kaushik Adhvaryu 765
    Digant Adhvaryu. 570
84 Shailendra Malvi 1244
    Dharmedra Malvi 1686
85 Mian Reshmawala 760
  Ketan Reshmawala 1089
86 Kaushik Panchasara 1719
Ketan Panchasara 2196
87 Rajesh Raval        616
    Gaurang Raval      931
88 Prashant Vasava 2544
   Annirudh Vasava 2810
89 Niitin Mishra  2477
   Ritesh Mishra.   2283
90 Aroh Patel.         367
   Achyut Patel.       344
91 Arjun Gorania.     1983
      Malde Gorania.   2190
92 Girijesh Kumar    3756
    Rajesh Kumar    3906
93 Jayesh Vora.     3261
    Hitesh Vora.     2651
94 Ritesh Jadav.   3075
   Krunal Jadav.     3728
95 Vipul Vaghela
     Vishwajeet Vaghela
96 Takdir Berwal.     3034
     Sandeep Berwal 3362
97 Yogesh Datta.     104
    Mukesh Datta     106
98 Amit Mistry        3386
      Rakesh Mistry     3079
99 Nazib Maek       2156
   Altaf Malek.       1889
100 Suresh Chandrapal 1358
Prakash Chandrapal 1504
101 Dharmendrasinh Gohil 1256
        Ajayraj Gohil 1439
102 Vijaysinh Jadeja
      Rajendrasinh Jadeja
103 Bhavin Kodiyatar 2560
        Hardik Kodiyatar 3071
104 Gyanendrasinh Chudasama.       626
Narendrasinh Chudasama            625
105 Narendra Pandit 18
        Punit Ram Pandit 282
106 Rajendra Patel    172
        Indravadan Patel 313
107 Kamlesh Anand 2012
     Jatin Anand.     2010
108 Mahendra Chaudhary 1508
Bharat Chaudhary 1598
109 Surendra Mishra 1418
      Virendra Mishra 1759
110 Raghuvirsinh Chudasama
Jitendrasinh Chudasama
111 Harshraj Jadeja 4190
    Shalyrajsinh Jadeja 4374
112 Baldevsinh Rana 868
     Jaydevsinh Rana 1071
113 Chetan Bramhania 1470
Bharat Bramhania  1453
114 Ashok Tejwani   120
        Prakash Tejwani 64
115 Nilesh Bera.     1718
      Shailesh Bera 1968
116 Kanti K Patel 2057
  Purushottam K Patel 1960
117 Jyoti Prakash    4845
        Madhu Prakash 4944
118 Rituraj Pawar       3127
      Pruthviraj Pawar. 3401
119 Sarthak Gulati. 3125
     Akarshan Gulati 3617
120 Himanshu Barapatre 2617
Nirav Barapatre.       2735
121 Tushar Dharaiya 3729
     Hitesh Dharaiya.   3381
122 Ashwani Kumar Thakur 4297
Avinash kumar Thakur
123 Sandip sinh Sagar 3044
SanjaySinh Sagar    3427
124 Ezzazullah Ansari 1083
Firoz Ansari.           1912
125 Mukesh Gaglani  157
        Haresh Gaglani  188
126 Nirav Pansuriya 4502
Bhautik Pansuriya  5411
127Dharmendra Kadia 1428
Pankaj Kadia.           1779
128 Chandrakant Sabalpara 1615
Vipul Sabalpara.       1786
129 Bharat Sitapara 2164
        Kelvin Sitapara 2163
130 Sandeep Nehra 1956
        Sanjiv Nehra     1957
131 Prashant Saxena 763
        Pankaj Saxena   1017
132 Hasmukh Purohit 609
        Harshad Purohit  833
133 Anil Markana 2312
     Kishore Markana 2133
134 Hemal Kalariya 2491
     Vishal Kalariya  2568
135 Mahipal Chudasama 1666
Dharmendra Chudasama 1896
136 Kanji Kumbharvadia 2511
Bachhu Kumabharvadia 2067
137 Dhirendra Negi  943
        Bhupendra Negi 944
138 Siddhant Nayan 4675
      Sashakt Nayan   4709
139 Bhojraj Dabhi     2338
      Kirit Dabhi          3475
140 Parth Damor      4774
     Jaydeep Damor  5171
141 Vinod Gondalia 283
     Rajesh Gondalia 1345
142 Srinivasa Rao 1204
Ramkrishna Rao   1205
143Mahesh Paravada 2677
  Poonam Paravada 1962
144 Suresh Priyadarshi 3068
Paresh Priyadarshi 3488
145 Rajendra Mobatsingh
       Vijay Mobatsingh
146 Utapal Desai 2344
      Himanshu Desai 2039
147 Bharat Desai  2346
        Ramesh Desai 1605
148 Atul Mauryab 1552
        Ajay Maurya.   1787
149 Pravin Manvar 1415
      Vijay Manvar.   1552
150 Sminkal Kacha 1976
      Parashar Kacha 2634
151 Bharat Rathod 1937
        Naresh Rahod 1700
152Abheraj Chaudhary 756
   Jayanti Chaudhary
153Bhagwan Chaudhry 922
 Ramesh Chaudhary 1170
154 Vikash Kumar 4924
      Abhay Pratap
155 Farooq O Chad    2998
        Aasim O Chad.   3406
156 Nilesh Jhala   3566
        Manish Jhala   3129
157Prabhakar Damor 3705
    Pranay Damor       4036
158Naresh Makwana 2219
      Kirti Makwana.     2462
159 Nirav Raijada.     1513
      Mahesh Raijada 1830
160 Jitendra Bhagora 2293
     Kaushik Bhagora 2126
161 Samir Patel    1764
     Nimesh Patel 1766

Wednesday 5 April 2017

NATHURAM GODSE SPEECH


ईतिहास

*🚩मैं आपको दिल्ली सल्तनत गुलाम वंश से नरेन्द्र मोदी तक के ईतिहास से परिचित कराना चाहता हुँ*

*👉गुलाम वंश*
1=1193 मुहम्मद  गौरी
2=1206 कुतुबुद्दीन ऐबक 
3=1210 आराम शाह
4=1211 इल्तुतमिश
5=1236 रुकनुद्दीन फिरोज शाह
6=1236 रज़िया सुल्तान
7=1240 मुईज़ुद्दीन बहराम शाह
8=1242 अल्लाउदीन मसूद शाह
9=1246 नासिरुद्दीन महमूद  
10=1266 गियासुदीन बल्बन
11=1286 कै खुशरो
12=1287 मुइज़ुदिन कैकुबाद
13=1290 शमुद्दीन कैमुर्स
1290 गुलाम वंश समाप्त्
(शासन काल-97 वर्ष लगभग )

*👉खिलजी वंश*
1=1290 जलालुदद्दीन फ़िरोज़ खिलजी 
2=1296 
अल्लाउदीन खिलजी 
4=1316 सहाबुद्दीन उमर शाह
5=1316 कुतुबुद्दीन मुबारक शाह
6=1320 नासिरुदीन खुसरो  शाह
7=1320 खिलजी वंश स्माप्त
(शासन काल-30 वर्ष लगभग )

*👉तुगलक  वंश*
1=1320 गयासुद्दीन तुगलक  प्रथम 
2=1325 मुहम्मद बिन तुगलक दूसरा   
3=1351 फ़िरोज़ शाह तुगलक 
4=1388 गयासुद्दीन तुगलक  दूसरा
5=1389 अबु बकर शाह
6=1389 मुहम्मद  तुगलक  तीसरा
7=1394 सिकंदर शाह पहला
8=1394 नासिरुदीन शाह दुसरा
9=1395 नसरत शाह
10=1399 नासिरुदीन महमद शाह दूसरा दुबारा सता पर
11=1413 दोलतशाह
1414 तुगलक  वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-94वर्ष लगभग )

*👉सैय्यद  वंश*
1=1414 खिज्र खान
2=1421 मुइज़ुदिन मुबारक शाह दूसरा
3=1434 मुहमद शाह चौथा
4=1445 अल्लाउदीन आलम शाह
1451 सईद वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-37वर्ष लगभग )

*👉लोदी वंश*
1=1451 बहलोल लोदी
2=1489 सिकंदर लोदी दूसरा
3=1517 इब्राहिम लोदी
1526 लोदी वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-75 वर्ष लगभग )

*👉मुगल वंश*
1=1526 ज़ाहिरुदीन बाबर
2=1530 हुमायूं 
1539 मुगल वंश मध्यांतर

*👉सूरी वंश*
1=1539 शेर शाह सूरी
2=1545 इस्लाम शाह सूरी
3=1552 महमूद  शाह सूरी
4=1553 इब्राहिम सूरी
5=1554 फिरहुज़् शाह सूरी
6=1554 मुबारक खान सूरी
7=1555 सिकंदर सूरी
सूरी वंश समाप्त,(शासन काल-16 वर्ष लगभग )

*मोगल वंश पुनःप्रारंभ*
1=1555 हुमायू दुबारा गाद्दी पर
2=1556 जलालुदीन अकबर
3=1605 जहांगीर सलीम
4=1628 शाहजहाँ
5=1659 औरंगज़ेब
6=1707 शाह आलम पहला
7=1712 जहादर शाह
8=1713 फारूखशियर
9=1719 रईफुदु राजत
10=1719 रईफुद दौला
11=1719 नेकुशीयार
12=1719 महमूद शाह
13=1748 अहमद शाह
14=1754 आलमगीर
15=1759 शाह आलम
16=1806 अकबर शाह
17=1837 बहादुर शाह जफर
1857 मोगल वंश समाप्त
(शासन काल-315 वर्ष लगभग )

*👉ब्रिटिश राज (वाइसरॉय)*
1=1858 लोर्ड केनिंग
2=1862 लोर्ड जेम्स ब्रूस एल्गिन
3=1864 लोर्ड जहॉन लोरेन्श
4=1869 लोर्ड रिचार्ड मेयो
5=1872 लोर्ड नोर्थबुक
6=1876 लोर्ड एडवर्ड लुटेन
7=1880 लोर्ड ज्योर्ज रिपन
8=1884 लोर्ड डफरिन
9=1888 लोर्ड हन्नी लैंसडोन
10=1894 लोर्ड विक्टर ब्रूस एल्गिन
11=1899 लोर्ड ज्योर्ज कर्झन
12=1905 लोर्ड गिल्बर्ट मिन्टो
13=1910 लोर्ड चार्ल्स हार्डिंज
14=1916 लोर्ड फ्रेडरिक सेल्मसफोर्ड
15=1921 लोर्ड रुक्स आईजेक रिडींग
16=1926 लोर्ड एडवर्ड इरविन
17=1931 लोर्ड फ्रिमेन वेलिंग्दन
18=1936 लोर्ड एलेक्जंद लिन्लिथगो
19=1943 लोर्ड आर्किबाल्ड वेवेल
20=1947 लोर्ड माउन्टबेटन
ब्रिटिस राज समाप्त

*🇮🇳आजाद भारत,प्राइम मिनिस्टर🇮🇳*
1=1947 जवाहरलाल नेहरू
2=1964 गुलजारीलाल नंदा
3=1964 लालबहादुर शास्त्री
4=1966 गुलजारीलाल नंदा
5=1966 इन्दिरा गांधी
6=1977 मोरारजी देसाई
7=1979 चरणसिंह
8=1980 इन्दिरा गांधी
9=1984 राजीव गांधी
10=1989 विश्वनाथ प्रतापसिंह
11=1990 चंद्रशेखर
12=1991 पी.वी.नरसिंह राव
13=अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी
14=1996 ऐच.डी.देवगौड़ा
15=1997 आई.के.गुजराल
16=1998 अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी
17=2004 डॉ.मनमोहनसिंह
*18=2014 से  नरेन्द्र मोदी*


Friday 31 March 2017

नवदुर्गा

*नवदुर्गा: नौ रूपों में स्त्री जीवन का पूर्ण बिम्ब..👇*

*एक स्त्री के पूरे जीवनचक्र का बिम्ब है नवदुर्गा केनौ स्वरूप।*

1. जन्म ग्रहण करती हुई कन्या *"शैलपुत्री"* स्वरूप है।

2. कौमार्य अवस्था तक *"ब्रह्मचारिणी"* का रूप है।

3. विवाह से पूर्व तक चंद्रमा के समान निर्मल होने से वह *"चंद्रघंटा"* समान है।

4. नए जीव को जन्म देने के लिए गर्भ धारण करने पर वह *"कूष्मांडा"* स्वरूप में है।

5. संतान को जन्म देने के बाद वही स्त्री *"स्कन्दमाता"* हो जाती है।

6. संयम व साधना को धारण करने वाली स्त्री *"कात्यायनी"* रूप है।

7. अपने संकल्प से पति की अकाल मृत्यु को भी जीत लेने से वह *"कालरात्रि"* जैसी है।

8. संसार (कुटुंब ही उसके लिए संसार है) का उपकार करने से *"महागौरी"* हो जाती है।

9. धरती को छोड़कर स्वर्ग प्रयाण करने से पहले संसार में अपनी संतान को सिद्धि(समस्त सुख-संपदा) का आशीर्वाद देने वाली *"सिद्धिदात्री"* हो जाती है।
          💐 

सौ पुत्र

पाण्डव पाँच भाई थे जिनके नाम हैं -
1. युधिष्ठिर    2. भीम    3. अर्जुन
4. नकुल।      5. सहदेव

( इन पांचों के अलावा , महाबली कर्ण भी कुंती के ही पुत्र थे , परन्तु उनकी गिनती पांडवों में नहीं की जाती है )

यहाँ ध्यान रखें कि… पाण्डु के उपरोक्त पाँचों पुत्रों में से युधिष्ठिर, भीम और अर्जुन
की माता कुन्ती थीं ……तथा , नकुल और सहदेव की माता माद्री थी ।

वहीँ …. धृतराष्ट्र और गांधारी के सौ पुत्र…..
कौरव कहलाए जिनके नाम हैं -
1. दुर्योधन      2. दुःशासन   3. दुःसह
4. दुःशल        5. जलसंघ    6. सम
7. सह            8. विंद         9. अनुविंद
10. दुर्धर्ष       11. सुबाहु।   12. दुषप्रधर्षण
13. दुर्मर्षण।   14. दुर्मुख     15. दुष्कर्ण
16. विकर्ण     17. शल       18. सत्वान
19. सुलोचन   20. चित्र       21. उपचित्र
22. चित्राक्ष     23. चारुचित्र 24. शरासन
25. दुर्मद।       26. दुर्विगाह  27. विवित्सु
28. विकटानन्द 29. ऊर्णनाभ 30. सुनाभ
31. नन्द।        32. उपनन्द   33. चित्रबाण
34. चित्रवर्मा    35. सुवर्मा    36. दुर्विमोचन
37. अयोबाहु   38. महाबाहु  39. चित्रांग 40. चित्रकुण्डल41. भीमवेग  42. भीमबल
43. बालाकि    44. बलवर्धन 45. उग्रायुध
46. सुषेण       47. कुण्डधर  48. महोदर
49. चित्रायुध   50. निषंगी     51. पाशी
52. वृन्दारक   53. दृढ़वर्मा    54. दृढ़क्षत्र
55. सोमकीर्ति  56. अनूदर    57. दढ़संघ 58. जरासंघ   59. सत्यसंघ 60. सद्सुवाक
61. उग्रश्रवा   62. उग्रसेन     63. सेनानी
64. दुष्पराजय        65. अपराजित 
66. कुण्डशायी        67. विशालाक्ष
68. दुराधर   69. दृढ़हस्त    70. सुहस्त
71. वातवेग  72. सुवर्च    73. आदित्यकेतु
74. बह्वाशी   75. नागदत्त 76. उग्रशायी
77. कवचि    78. क्रथन। 79. कुण्डी 
80. भीमविक्र 81. धनुर्धर  82. वीरबाहु
83. अलोलुप  84. अभय  85. दृढ़कर्मा
86. दृढ़रथाश्रय    87. अनाधृष्य
88. कुण्डभेदी।     89. विरवि
90. चित्रकुण्डल    91. प्रधम
92. अमाप्रमाथि    93. दीर्घरोमा
94. सुवीर्यवान     95. दीर्घबाहु
96. सुजात।         97. कनकध्वज
98. कुण्डाशी        99. विरज
100. युयुत्सु

( इन 100 भाइयों के अलावा कौरवों की एक बहनभी थी… जिसका नाम""दुशाला""था,
जिसका विवाह"जयद्रथ"सेहुआ था )

"श्री मद्-भगवत गीता"के बारे में-

ॐ . किसको किसने सुनाई?
उ.- श्रीकृष्ण ने अर्जुन को सुनाई। 

ॐ . कब सुनाई?
उ.- आज से लगभग 7 हज़ार साल पहले सुनाई।

ॐ. भगवान ने किस दिन गीता सुनाई?
उ.- रविवार के दिन।

ॐ. कोनसी तिथि को?
उ.- एकादशी 

ॐ. कहा सुनाई?
उ.- कुरुक्षेत्र की रणभूमि में।

ॐ. कितनी देर में सुनाई?
उ.- लगभग 45 मिनट में

ॐ. क्यू सुनाई?
उ.- कर्त्तव्य से भटके हुए अर्जुन को कर्त्तव्य सिखाने के लिए और आने वाली पीढियों को धर्म-ज्ञान सिखाने के लिए।

ॐ. कितने अध्याय है?
उ.- कुल 18 अध्याय

ॐ. कितने श्लोक है?
उ.- 700 श्लोक

ॐ. गीता में क्या-क्या बताया गया है?
उ.- ज्ञान-भक्ति-कर्म योग मार्गो की विस्तृत व्याख्या की गयी है, इन मार्गो पर चलने से व्यक्ति निश्चित ही परमपद का अधिकारी बन जाता है। 

ॐ. गीता को अर्जुन के अलावा 
और किन किन लोगो ने सुना?
उ.- धृतराष्ट्र एवं संजय ने

ॐ. अर्जुन से पहले गीता का पावन ज्ञान किन्हें मिला था?
उ.- भगवान सूर्यदेव को

ॐ. गीता की गिनती किन धर्म-ग्रंथो में आती है?
उ.- उपनिषदों में

ॐ. गीता किस महाग्रंथ का भाग है....?
उ.- गीता महाभारत के एक अध्याय शांति-पर्व का एक हिस्सा है।

ॐ. गीता का दूसरा नाम क्या है?
उ.- गीतोपनिषद

ॐ. गीता का सार क्या है?
उ.- प्रभु श्रीकृष्ण की शरण लेना

ॐ. गीता में किसने कितने श्लोक कहे है?
उ.- श्रीकृष्ण जी ने- 574
अर्जुन ने- 85 
धृतराष्ट्र ने- 1
संजय ने- 40.

अपनी युवा-पीढ़ी को गीता जी के बारे में जानकारी पहुचाने हेतु इसे ज्यादा से ज्यादा शेअर करे। धन्यवाद

अधूरा ज्ञान खतरना होता है।

33 करोड नहीँ  33 कोटी देवी देवता हैँ हिँदू
धर्म मेँ।

कोटि = प्रकार। 
देवभाषा संस्कृत में कोटि के दो अर्थ होते है,

कोटि का मतलब प्रकार होता है और एक अर्थ करोड़ भी होता।

हिन्दू धर्म का दुष्प्रचार करने के लिए ये बात उडाई गयी की हिन्दुओ के 33 करोड़ देवी देवता हैं और अब तो मुर्ख हिन्दू खुद ही गाते फिरते हैं की हमारे 33 करोड़ देवी देवता हैं...

कुल 33 प्रकार के देवी देवता हैँ हिँदू धर्म मे :-

12 प्रकार हैँ
आदित्य , धाता, मित, आर्यमा,
शक्रा, वरुण, अँश, भाग, विवास्वान, पूष,
सविता, तवास्था, और विष्णु...!

8 प्रकार हे :-
वासु:, धर, ध्रुव, सोम, अह, अनिल, अनल, प्रत्युष और प्रभाष।

11 प्रकार है :- 
रुद्र: ,हर,बहुरुप, त्रयँबक,
अपराजिता, बृषाकापि, शँभू, कपार्दी,
रेवात, मृगव्याध, शर्वा, और कपाली।

एवँ
दो प्रकार हैँ अश्विनी और कुमार।

कुल :- 12+8+11+2=33 कोटी 

अगर कभी भगवान् के आगे हाथ जोड़ा है
तो इस जानकारी को अधिक से अधिक
लोगो तक पहुचाएं। ।

🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏
१ हिन्दु हाेने के नाते जानना ज़रूरी है

This is very good information for all of us ... जय श्रीकृष्ण ...

अब आपकी बारी है कि इस जानकारी को आगे बढ़ाएँ ......

अपनी भारत की संस्कृति 
को पहचाने.
ज्यादा से ज्यादा
लोगो तक पहुचाये. 
खासकर अपने बच्चो को बताए 
क्योकि ये बात उन्हें कोई नहीं बताएगा...

📜😇  दो पक्ष-

कृष्ण पक्ष , 
शुक्ल पक्ष !

📜😇  तीन ऋण -

देव ऋण , 
पितृ ऋण , 
ऋषि ऋण !

📜😇   चार युग -

सतयुग , 
त्रेतायुग ,
द्वापरयुग , 
कलियुग !

📜😇  चार धाम -

द्वारिका , 
बद्रीनाथ ,
जगन्नाथ पुरी , 
रामेश्वरम धाम !

📜😇   चारपीठ -

शारदा पीठ ( द्वारिका )
ज्योतिष पीठ ( जोशीमठ बद्रिधाम ) 
गोवर्धन पीठ ( जगन्नाथपुरी ) , 
शृंगेरीपीठ !

📜😇 चार वेद-

ऋग्वेद , 
अथर्वेद , 
यजुर्वेद , 
सामवेद !

📜😇  चार आश्रम -

ब्रह्मचर्य , 
गृहस्थ , 
वानप्रस्थ , 
संन्यास !

📜😇 चार अंतःकरण -

मन , 
बुद्धि , 
चित्त , 
अहंकार !

📜😇  पञ्च गव्य -

गाय का घी , 
दूध , 
दही ,
गोमूत्र , 
गोबर !

📜😇  पञ्च देव -

गणेश , 
विष्णु , 
शिव , 
देवी ,
सूर्य !

📜😇 पंच तत्त्व -

पृथ्वी ,
जल , 
अग्नि , 
वायु , 
आकाश !

📜😇  छह दर्शन -

वैशेषिक , 
न्याय , 
सांख्य ,
योग , 
पूर्व मिसांसा , 
दक्षिण मिसांसा !

📜😇  सप्त ऋषि -

विश्वामित्र ,
जमदाग्नि ,
भरद्वाज , 
गौतम , 
अत्री , 
वशिष्ठ और कश्यप! 

📜😇  सप्त पुरी -

अयोध्या पुरी ,
मथुरा पुरी , 
माया पुरी ( हरिद्वार ) , 
काशी ,
कांची 
( शिन कांची - विष्णु कांची ) , 
अवंतिका और 
द्वारिका पुरी !

📜😊  आठ योग - 

यम , 
नियम , 
आसन ,
प्राणायाम , 
प्रत्याहार , 
धारणा , 
ध्यान एवं 
समािध !

📜😇 आठ लक्ष्मी -

आग्घ , 
विद्या , 
सौभाग्य ,
अमृत , 
काम , 
सत्य , 
भोग ,एवं 
योग लक्ष्मी !

📜😇 नव दुर्गा --

शैल पुत्री , 
ब्रह्मचारिणी ,
चंद्रघंटा , 
कुष्मांडा , 
स्कंदमाता , 
कात्यायिनी ,
कालरात्रि , 
महागौरी एवं 
सिद्धिदात्री !

📜😇   दस दिशाएं -

पूर्व , 
पश्चिम , 
उत्तर , 
दक्षिण ,
ईशान , 
नैऋत्य , 
वायव्य , 
अग्नि 
आकाश एवं 
पाताल !

📜😇  मुख्य ११ अवतार -

 मत्स्य , 
कच्छप , 
वराह ,
नरसिंह , 
वामन , 
परशुराम ,
श्री राम , 
कृष्ण , 
बलराम , 
बुद्ध , 
एवं कल्कि !

📜😇 बारह मास - 

चैत्र , 
वैशाख , 
ज्येष्ठ ,
अषाढ , 
श्रावण , 
भाद्रपद , 
अश्विन , 
कार्तिक ,
मार्गशीर्ष , 
पौष , 
माघ , 
फागुन !

📜😇  बारह राशी - 

मेष , 
वृषभ , 
मिथुन ,
कर्क , 
सिंह , 
कन्या , 
तुला , 
वृश्चिक , 
धनु , 
मकर , 
कुंभ , 
मीन!

📜😇 बारह ज्योतिर्लिंग - 

सोमनाथ ,
मल्लिकार्जुन ,
महाकाल , 
ओमकारेश्वर , 
बैजनाथ , 
रामेश्वरम ,
विश्वनाथ , 
त्र्यंबकेश्वर , 
केदारनाथ , 
घुष्नेश्वर ,
भीमाशंकर ,
नागेश्वर !

📜😇 पंद्रह तिथियाँ - 

प्रतिपदा ,
द्वितीय ,
तृतीय ,
चतुर्थी , 
पंचमी , 
षष्ठी , 
सप्तमी , 
अष्टमी , 
नवमी ,
दशमी , 
एकादशी , 
द्वादशी , 
त्रयोदशी , 
चतुर्दशी , 
पूर्णिमा , 
अमावास्या !

📜😇 स्मृतियां - 

मनु , 
विष्णु , 
अत्री , 
हारीत ,
याज्ञवल्क्य ,
उशना , 
अंगीरा , 
यम , 
आपस्तम्ब , 
सर्वत ,
कात्यायन , 
ब्रहस्पति , 
पराशर , 
व्यास , 
शांख्य ,
लिखित , 
दक्ष , 
शातातप , 
वशिष्ठ !

******************* * ऋषिकेश सिंह बिट्टू ***

इस पोस्ट को अधिकाधिक शेयर करें जिससे सबको हमारी संस्कृति का ज्ञान हो।